People that are suffering from an appendicitis may not have to undergo a scalpel and sutures later on but could instead just turn to taking some antibiotics.

Typically, people suffering from an appendicitis will need to undergo surgery in order to remove their appendix. However, scientists in the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden are searching for a way around that with antibiotics.

Two major studies of adult patients with acute appendicitis concentrate on treating patients with antibiotic therapy compared to surgery. One of the studies compared surgery using the antibiotic therapy, while the other went to antibiotics as the first-line of treatment.

The studies showed that treatment with antibiotics was just as effective as taking out the appendix in the majority of patients.

“Some people are so ill the operation is completely necessary, but 80% of those that may be treatable with antibiotics recover and return to full health,” Jeanette Hansson wrote in her own thesis.

Hansson’s thesis shows that patients who are treated with antibiotics are in chance of fewer complications than those who undergo surgery.

The risk of recurrence within Twelve months of treatment with antibiotics is about 10 to 15%, based on the studies.

The team hopes to have the ability to document the chance of recurrence over the long term also to study whether recurrences may also be treated with antibiotics.

Although increased resistance to antibiotics may affect the treatment, the final outcome is that antibiotics are a viable option to having a scalpel and sutures, provided the patient accepts the risk of recurrence.

“It’s important to note that our research has shown that patients who need surgery because of recurrences, or because the antibiotics haven’t worked, aren’t at risk of any additional complications relative to those operated on in the first place,” Hansson said inside a statement.